Waste segregation at home – Beginner’s guide:

Landfills are turning into ever-growing mountains of trash that cause a lot of environmental damage. Waste segregation can be an aid to solve this problem, by ensuring proper disposal of different materials.

The waste created in a typical household can broadly be divided into three categories:

Biodegradable – Items that break down into organic materials naturally

Non biodegradable – Items that do not break down into organic materials naturally

Hazardous – Toxic wastes

A lot of biodegradable waste is created at home, especially in the kitchen and garden. A simple way to deal with them, is to turn them into manure through composting. You will just need a compost bin and compost maker that you can get here. The finished compost will be a nutrient-rich material that can be added to the soil for improved plant growth. If you do not have a garden or if you have excessive compost, consider sharing it with others who may need it.

Non-biodegradable material is a little trickier as it includes a wide variety of materials.

Observe the trash you create for a few days and note what materials you generally throw away.

You can then set up separate bins according to your need. You should definitely separate the recyclable from the non-recyclable materials. You can also have separate bins for glass, metals, plastic, paper/cardboard and electronics.

Check your local recycling rules to find out what items will and will not be accepted by them. Most recyclers would not accept unclean items like containers with food residue, etc. so be sure to clean them before you drop them off.

This will leave you with non-recyclable waste and hazardous waste.

Hazardous and toxic wastes include medical waste, soiled tissues, sanitary napkins, batteries, radioactive waste, etc. They must be disposed off with utmost care.

The other non-recyclable wastes that may not be accepted by your recycler like polythene bags, metallised plastic wrappers and straws can be thrown away, but if you do not want to waste them, you can take up a fun project of making ecobricks! Check out this blog on Tammi Says to know more about eco bricks.

And you’re done! If you haven’t already started, try segregating your waste for a month. You will realise the amount of garbage you can stop from sending to the landfills, simply by throwing them in different bins! Following this simple process at home can save the state of our environment!

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