Composting – Aerobic or Anaerobic?

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There are basically two ways in which organic matter can decompose – Aerobic and anaerobic. Both methods will result in the creation of rich manure from waste materials. However, the processes are slightly different. Let us have a look at how they are different from each other.

  1. Aerobic composting:

Aerobic composting is the decomposition of organic matter in the presence of oxygen. The microorganisms that break down the waste in this method require oxygen to survive.

If you want to compost aerobically at home, you must ensure that your compost has ample access to oxygen. To ensure this, make sure your compost bin has air holes in it and turn your compost regularly.

A mixture of carbon-rich material (browns) and nitrogen-rich material (greens) can be added to the bin on a regular basis. Make sure your compost has the right balance of both the materials to make sure it isn’t too dry or too wet. When the waste begins to compost, a brown liquid called compost tea will be released which should be removed from the bin every 2 days. This can be diluted with water in the ratio of 1:20 and can be used as a bio booster for plants. Adding the aerobic compost maker can help steer clear of any problems with foul smell or pests. After a period of about one month, the contents of the bin will completely turn into rich manure. This can be used as a natural fertiliser for plants.

  • Anaerobic composting:

Anaerobic composting is the decomposition of organic matter in the absence of oxygen. This does not require any aeration and the organisms that break down the waste in this process can survive without any oxygen.

This can be implemented under controlled conditions at home without the release of any harmful gases.

This method is simple and does not require a lot of maintenance. You can just add all of your waste into an air-tight compost bin along with an anaerobic compost maker in alternate layers and set it aside once it is full. The anaerobic bacteria will start fermenting the compost. This process too will release compost tea, that can be collected on alternate days. The fermentation process will take about 21 days to complete. Once it is complete, the contents of the bin should be transferred to another airtight container. Here, it will slowly turn into rich compost.

You can choose to implement either of these methods to compost at home. Composting is a wonderful way to use your kitchen and garden waste at home. You can also implement it in your community or workplace to reduce the amount of waste thrown away. If you are still contemplating if you should start composting, read this blog on why you should! Reach out to us in the comments section if you have any questions. We’d be delighted to help you out!

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