Gardening can be intimidating for a beginner. It takes time and effort and a lot of patience! But, there are some plants that are really easy to grow with minimum effort. These plants can be a great choice when starting your own garden.
- Green chilli
Green chillies are one of the easiest plants to grow. Grab a few ripe chillies that have turned red and slice them in half vertically. You will find many seeds inside. Sprinkle these seeds in a pot filled with soil and add a thin layer of soil on top of it. Water the pot regularly. The chilli plants will begin to germinate in one week. When they grow bigger to a height of about 5 inches, you can transplant them into individual pots.
Tomato seeds are easily available in nurseries. The seeds can also be taken from the tomato fruit itself. The seeds can be sprinkled in soil and covered with another layer of soil on top. Water the plant twice everyday. The plant needs to grow to a height of about 7 to 10 inches before you can transplant them into individual pots. This plant is a climber, so you will have to provide it with support by placing a stick. The tomato plant requires regular supply of rich nutrients, so it is good to add compost to it once a week. You can buy compost here.
3. Holy Basil (Tulasi)
You can sow tulasi seeds in a pot of soil; or you can grow a new tulasi plant with the help of a stem from an existing one. Pick a stem that preferably has not flowered yet. Pluck out any leaves from the bottom 2 inches of the plant. Immerse this branch in a glass container and leave it near a window where it can get ample sunlight. Change the water everyday. Roots will begin to grow in about 8-10 days. Once the roots are atleast half an inch long, you can transfer the plant to a pot with soil. You can add rich compost to the plant once a month for healthy growth.
4. Indian Borage (Karpooravalli)
This plant is very low-maintenance and it has a lot of health benefits. The best way to grow this plant is from a cutting. You have to pluck a well-grown branch from an existing karpooravalli plant and take out any leaves from the bottom 2 inches. Then, insert it vertically into a flower pot filled with soil and water it. The plant will start to grow roots in one week.
5. Betel leaf (Vethalai):
The betel leaf plant can be grown by planting a sapling, or it can be propagated through stem cuttings as well. You can place the stem cutting in water until the roots appear, after which it can be transferred to the soil. The betel leaf plant grows as a ground cover or it can be grown as a climber by providing support. If you are growing it in a pot, choose a deep one, because it requires ample space for root growth.
This plant does not require a lot of direct sunlight. It can even be placed indoors with access to partial sunlight.
6. Mint (Pudhina):
This plant grows very fast, therefore very suitable for a beginner. It is best to grow it in a pot because otherwise it may takeover a lot of space in the garden due to its fast growth. This plant, like many others on this list, can be grown easily with the help of stem cuttings. Just cut a stem right below a node (the point where leaves emerge). Make sure the cutting is atleast 4-5 inches long. Remove the leaves from the bottom two inches and insert it into the soil. Don’t keep it in direct sunlight for the first week. Water it regularly to keep the soil moist.
7. Aloe vera:
Aloe vera has multiple benefits. It is good when applied to the skin and hair and it can even be consumed as juice. It is best to grow aloe vera from the offshoots of an existing plant. The offshoots should be carefully removed from the main plant with the roots intact. You can then plant it in your own pot and water it. After that, you will only need to water the plant when the soil is completely dry. It requires less water and a lot of sunlight. Be careful because if you overwater it, it may rot quickly.
It is a wonderful feeling to see your saplings grow into beautiful plants that give you fruits, flowers and leaves for your needs. Start your gardening journey by planting atleast two plants from the above list. We promise you won’t regret it!